Effectiveness of an Adapted Physical Activity Programme on Weight Management in Adolescents with Intellectual Disability in Hong Kong: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Yan Sun

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Abstract

Childhood obesity is a global public health issue that increases the risk of obesity in adulthood and of developing associated chronic health conditions. Children with intellectual disability (ID) are more vulnerable to obesity than their typically developing counterparts as they are less likely to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Compared to the overwhelming interventions to reduce obesity in typically developing children, few have addressed this population. We therefore developed an adapted physical activity (APA) programme, primarily aiming to reduce obesity among a sample of ID children in Hong Kong. With a cluster RCT study design, 62 overweight and obese ID children (aged 12-18 years) were recruited and assigned into intervention (n=30) and control (n=32) groups. Those in the intervention group have been receiving a 3-stage APA programme for 9 months. Outcome measures consisted of body weight status, BMI, body fitness percentage, and waist-to-hip ratio. A generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) will be used to compare between-group differences in the changes. This program would ultimately help in promoting their health at present and later on and ending the health inequities. We will report the study results in this presentation.

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