Effective photocatalytic inactivation of the plant-pathogen Rhizobium radiobacter by carbon-based material: Mechanism and agriculture application

Kemeng Xiao, Tieyuan Liu, Panqing Yin, Xiaoning Ren, Jun Liang, Wugen Zhan, Jianhua Zhang, Bo Wang*, Po Keung Wong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Photocatalysts made of earth-abundant elements using simple fabrication methods are highly desirable for bacterial inactivation in practical applications. This study proved that the carbon-based g-C3N4 could act as an effective antagonist to the ubiquitous plant-pathogen Rhizobium radiobacter with good photostability and reusability under visible light. The applying of g-C3N4 efficiently improved the survivability of tobacco seedlings under the stress of R. radiobacter and showed no adverse effect on tobacco growth compared with the common metal-based TiO2 and CdS photocatalysts. The systematic mechanism studies revealed that the photoinduced reactive species (RSs) were strongly involved in the photocatalytic bacterial inactivation process, with an effectiveness of h+ >O2 >OH > H2O2 > e > 1O2. The direct contact between g-C3N4 and bacterial cells was also essential for the effective bacterial inactivation. Although bacterial self-protection system (SOD and CAT enzymes) functioned in the initial period, the accumulated RSs damaged cell membrane structure as well as membrane-associated respiration and ATP synthesis ability, finally leading to the leakage of cellular building blocks (K+, TOC, DNA and RNA) and irreversible cell death. This study illustrated that the g-C3N4 could be used as an ideal photocatalytic bactericide towards agriculture application to improve the plant resistance to pathogens with good biocompatibility and low-cost.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127047
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume407
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • Bacterial inactivation
  • Graphitic carbon nitride
  • Mechanism
  • Plant-pathogen
  • Visible-light-driven

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