Effect of vanadium substitution in the cesium salts of Keggin-type heteropolyacids on propane partial oxidation

Xiu Kai Li, Jing Zhao, Wei Jie Ji*, Zhi Bing Zhang, Yi Chen, Chak Tong AU, Scott Han, Hartmut Hibst

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


The catalytic behavior of the cesium salts of heteropolyacids with vanadium species substituted at the primary and/or secondary structure of Keggin oxoanions was systematically studied for propane partial oxidation. The physicochemical properties of the samples were explored by FTIR, UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, XRD, and TPR techniques. The introduction of vanadium species to the primary structure of heteropoly compounds (HPCs) resulted in enhanced catalytic activity; with time on stream, a small fraction of vanadium species could be segregated from the oxoanion. When vanadium species was introduced to the secondary structure of HPCs, activity and selectivity to acrylic acid (AA) were notably enhanced. It is deduced that a small amount of vanadium species at the secondary structure of Keggin-type HPCs could interact synergistically with the oxoanion and cesium entities, inducing a positive effect on propane oxidation to AA as a result. The highest AA yield was observed over the H0.1Cs2.5(VO)0.2PMo 12O40 catalyst. The effect of operation variables on catalyst performance was also investigated, and it was found that the H 0.1Cs2.5(VO)0.2PMo12O40 catalyst was efficient in both oxygen-rich and hydrocarbon-rich atmospheres, and that the presence of steam can considerably suppress the formation of carbon oxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Acrylic acid
  • Heteropoly compounds
  • Propane oxidation
  • Vanadium species


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