Effect of preexercise glycemic-index meal on running when CHO-electrolyte solution is consumed during exercise

Stephen H.S. Wong, Oi Won Chan, Ya Jun Chen, Heng Long Hu, Ching Wan Lam, Pak-Kwong CHUNG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the effect of consuming carbohydrate- (CHO) electrolyte solution on running performance after different-glycemic-index (GI) meals. Methods: Nine men completed 3 trials in a randomized counterbalanced order, with trials separated by at least 7 days. Two hours before the run after an overnight fast, each participant consumed a high-GI (GI = 83) or low-GI (GI = 36) CHO meal or low-energy sugar-free Jell-O (GI = 0, control). The 2 isocaloric GI meals provided 1.5 g available CHO/kg body mass. During each trial, 2 ml/kg body mass of a 6.6% CHOelectrolyte solution was provided immediately before exercise and every 2.5 km after the start of running. Each trial consisted of a 21-km performance run on a level treadmill. The participants were required to run at 70% VO2max during the first 5 km of the run. They then completed the remaining 16 km as fast as possible. Results: There was no difference in the time to complete the 21-km run (high-GI vs. low-GI vs. control: 91.1 ± 2.0 vs. 91.8 ± 2.2 vs. 92.9 ± 2.0 min, n.s.). There were no differences in total CHO and fat oxidation throughout the trials, despite differences in preexercise blood glucose, serum insulin, and serum free-fatty-acid concentrations. Conclusion: When a CHO-electrolyte solution is consumed during a 21-km run, the GI of the preexercise CHO meal makes no difference in running performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-242
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Carbohydrate
  • Endurance performance
  • Sports drink

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