Effect of Frequency of Carbohydrate Feedings on Recovery and Subsequent Endurance Run

Parco M. Siu, Stephen H.S. Wong*, John G. Morris, Ching W. Lam, Pak-Kwong Chung, Susan Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study examined the effect of feeding pattern of a high glycemic index (GI) meal during a short-term recovery on subsequent endurance capacity. Methods: Eight men ran at 70% VO2max on a level treadmill for 90 min (T1) on two occasions, followed by 4-h recovery (R) and a further exhaustive run at the same speed (T2). During the R, subjects consumed a prescribed meal with a GI of 77 in either a "gorging" (GOR) or "nibbling" (NIB) intake pattern, providing 1.5 g carbohydrate (CHO) per kilogram body mass. In the GOR trial, the foods were consumed in a single bolus. 20 min after the end of T1. In the NIB trial, the same quantity of food was ingested in three equal portions; the first consumed 20 min after the end of T1 and the remainder at hourly intervals thereafter. Results: The run time during T2 was similar between trials (GOR vs NIB: 68.1 ± 8.2 vs 66.8 ± 8.7 min, P > 0.05). However, CHO utilization was lower and fat utilization higher during T2 in the GOR trial compared with the NIB trial (GOR vs NIB: CHO: 94.4 ± 11.4 vs 117.6 ± 10.6 g, P < 0.05; FAT: 55. 9 ± 8.0 vs 44 ± 8.6 g, P < 0.01). Conclusions: These results suggest that serial consumption of a high GI meal during a 4-h recovery increased the reliance on CHO oxidation for energy provision during a subsequent run when compared with a single feeding. However, there was no difference in the duration of the exhaustive run after the recovery between the GOR and NIB trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

User-Defined Keywords

  • Endurance running
  • Feeding patterns
  • Glycemic index
  • Metabolism


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