Effect of calcium chloride on abating inhibition due to volatile fatty acids during the start-up period in anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste

Sunil Kumar*, Avijit Das, G. Lohit Kumar Srinivas, Hiya Dhar, Vivek Kumar Ojha, Jonathan W C WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomethanation of municipal solid waste (MSW) is a slow process and the yield of biogas is usually low. The present study was carried out to examine the effect of calcium chloride (CaCl2) on anaerobic digestion of MSW. Three anaerobic digesters with different concentrations of CaCl2 namely sample without additives (Control), sample with 2.5g/LCaCl2 (R1) and sample with 5g/LCaCl2 (R2) were studied separately and the significant results are presented. From the experimental results, it was observed that pH decreased with an increase in the dosage of CaCl2. Total solids and volatile solids reduction percentage in digester R2 was considerably lower than Control and R1 digesters. The significant positive correlation with small increments in volatile solids and chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction were observed with an increase in pH. The cumulative biogas production in all the three digesters (Control, R1 and R2) were observed to be 35.38, 46.46 and 37.56L, respectively. It was also observed that the volatile fatty acids (VFAs) removal efficiency in digester R1 was the best among all the three digesters. A comparison of the effluent characteristics revealed improvement in the overall performance of the digester R1 amended with 2.5g/LCaCl2 over the other two digesters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501-1509
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • biogas
  • calcium chloride
  • long chain fatty acid
  • Municipal solid waste
  • volatile fatty acids

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