Ecotoxicological study on sediments of Mai Po marshes, Hong Kong using organisms and biomarkers

C. K. Kwok, S. M. Yang, Nai Ki MAK, Chris K C WONG, Y. Liang*, Kelvin S Y LEUNG, L. Young, Ming Hung WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sediments from Mai Po Ramsar site, Hong Kong were in general shown to be highly toxic based on the results of four toxicity tests (Microtox® solid-phase test, Daphnia mortality test, algal [Microcystis aeruginosa] growth inhibition test and ryegrass [Lolium perenne] seed germination/root elongation test). Sediment of the mudflat (which is open to Deep Bay, i.e., the pollution source) was the most toxic while sediment of gei wai 24g (an enclosed freshwater pond) was the least toxic. Results of biomarker studies (tilapia hepatic metallothionein; glutathione (GSH) and EROD activity using H4IIE rat hepatoma cell) were also concordant with those in the toxicity tests. Significant liner relationships (p<0.01) were found between GSH contents in the rat hepatoma cells and PAHs, OCPs contents in the sediment extracts. It is recommended that the present suite of bioassays is useful and is biologically relevant for future ecotoxicological studies focusing on similar wetlands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-549
Number of pages9
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

User-Defined Keywords

  • Daphnia
  • EROD
  • Glutathione
  • Heavy metals
  • Mai Po Ramsar site
  • Microtox
  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Rat hepatoma cell line
  • Ryegrass

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