Economic development, human capital, and gender earnings differentials in China

Ying Chu NG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gender earnings differentials in China during the course of development in the post-reform period were examined. The analysis showed that the female-male earnings ratio increased over time in all regions. The region with relatively rapid economic reforms had the highest female-male earnings ratio. Decomposition of the gender earnings differential revealed that in the more developed region a lower percentage of the differential could be explained by gender differences in productive characteristics. Changes in the discriminatory component of the differential by region over time suggested that both the "competition" effect proposed by Becker [The Economics of Discrimination, 1971] and the effects of wage decentralization during economic reforms played a different role in the eastern and central regions versus their role in the western region. Further examination of the sub-components of the explained component of the differential highlighted the minor role of education in explaining the gender earnings differentials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-603
Number of pages17
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Education
  • Economics and Econometrics

User-Defined Keywords

  • China
  • Earnings
  • Gender wage differentials
  • Human capital

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