Dually Modified Wide-Bandgap Perovskites by Phenylethylammonium Acetate toward Highly Efficient Solar Cells with Low Photovoltage Loss

Jiabang Chen, Deng Wang, Shi Chen*, Hang Hu, Yang Li, Yulan Huang, Zhuoqiong Zhang, Zhengyan Jiang, Jiamin Xu, Xiyu Sun, Shu Kong So, Yuanjun Peng, Xingzhu Wang*, Xunjin Zhu*, Baomin Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Wide-bandgap perovskites as a class of promising top-cell materials have shown great promise in constructing efficient perovskite-based tandem solar cells, but their intrinsic relatively low radiative efficiency results in a large open-circuit voltage (VOC) deficit and thereby limits the whole device performance. Reducing film flaws or optimizing interfacial energy level alignments in wide-bandgap perovskite devices can efficiently inhibit nonradiative recombination to boost device VOC and efficiency. However, the simultaneous regulation on both sides and their underlying mechanism are less explored. Herein, a bifunctional modification approach is proposed to optimize the wide-bandgap perovskite surface with an ultrathin layer of phenylethylammonium acetate (PEAAc) to synchronously decrease the surface imperfection and mitigate the interfacial energy barrier. This treatment effectively heals under-coordinated surface defects through the formation of chemical interaction between the perovskite and PEAAc, bringing about a much slower charge trapping process and dramatically decreasing nonradiative recombination losses. Meanwhile, the passivation-induced upshifted Fermi level of the perovskite contributes to accelerated electron extraction and larger Fermi-level splitting under illumination. Consequently, the PEAAc-modified wide-bandgap (1.68 eV) device achieves an optimal efficiency of 20.66% with a high VOC of 1.25 V, among the highest reported VOC values for wide-bandgap perovskite devices, enormously outperforming that (18.86% and 1.18 V) of the device without passivation. In addition, the radiative limit of VOC for both cells is determined to be 1.42 V, delivering nonradiative recombination losses of 0.24 and 0.17 V for the control and PEAAc-modified devices, respectively. These results highlight the significance of the bifunctional modification strategy in achieving high-performance wide-bandgap perovskite devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43246-43256
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number38
Early online date16 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Materials Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • wide-bandgap perovskite
  • perovskite solar cells
  • surface modification
  • interfacial energy barrier
  • nonradiative recombination
  • low photovoltage loss


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