In this study, we examine the dynamics of a one-dimensional Frenkel-Kontorova chain consisting of nanosize clusters (the “particles”) and photochromic molecules (the “bonds”), also being subjected to a periodic substrate potential. Whether the whole chain should be running or be locked depends on both the frequency and the wavelength of the light (keeping the other parameters fixed), as observed through numerical simulation. In the locked state, the particles are bound at the bottom of the external potential and vibrate backwards and forwards at a constant amplitude. In the running state, the initially fed energy is transformed into directed motion as a whole. It is of interest to note that the driving energy is introduced to the system by the irradiation of light, and the driven mechanism is based on the dynamical competition between the inherent lengths of the moving object (the chain) and the supporting carrier (the isotropic surface). However, the most important feature is that the light-induced conformational changes of the chromophore lead to the time-and-space dependence of the rest lengths of the bonds.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics