Downregulation of Aquaporin 9 Exacerbates Beta-amyloid-induced Neurotoxicity in Alzheimer's Disease Models In vitro and In vivo

Jing Yi Liu, Xiao Xin Chen, Hai Yong Chen, Jun Shi, George Pak Heng Leung, Sydney Chi Wai Tang, Li Xing Lao, Henry Ka Fun Yip, Kai Fai Lee, Cho Wing SZE, Zhang Jin Zhang*, Kalin Yanbo Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly, characterized by progressive cognitive dysfunction. Aquaporin 9 (AQP9) is an aquaglyceroporin membrane channel shown biophysically to conduct water, glycerol, and other small solutes. In our study, we reported for the first time an age-associated decrease in AQP9 mRNA and protein expressions in both hippocampus and cerebral cortex of APPswe/PS1dE9 (Tg) AD mice at 3, 6 and 10 months of age. Consistently, we observed a dose-dependent downregulation of AQP9 expression in PC12 cells after treatment with amyloid-beta protein 1–40 (Aβ 1–40 ) . Pre-treatment with AQP9 small interfering RNA led to a more severe neurotoxicity in PC12 cells in response to Aβ 1–40 . Furthermore, we corroborated that the active participation of AQP9 in AD progression is associated with Aβ-induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our results reveal an important role of AQP9 in Aβ-induced pathogenesis of AD which deserves further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-82
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience
Volume394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • apoptosis
  • APPswe/PS1dE9
  • aquaporin 9
  • beta-amyloid

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