Doped Highly Crystalline Organic Films: Toward High-Performance Organic Electronics

Michael F. Sawatzki*, Hans Kleemann, Bahman K. Boroujeni, Shu Jen Wang, Joern Vahland, Frank Ellinger, Karl Leo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Today's organic electronic devices, such as the highly successful OLED displays, are based on disordered films, with carrier mobilities orders of magnitude below those of inorganic semiconductors like silicon or GaAs. For organic devices such as diodes and transistors, higher charge carrier mobilities are paramount to achieve high performance. Organic single crystals have been shown to offer these required high mobilities. However, manufacturing and processing of these crystals are complex, rendering their use outside of laboratory-scale applications negligible. Furthermore, doping cannot be easily integrated into these systems, which is particularly problematic for devices mandating high mobility materials. Here, it is demonstrated for the model system rubrene that highly ordered, doped thin films can be prepared, allowing high-performance organic devices on almost any substrate. Specifically, triclinic rubrene crystals are created by abrupt heating of amorphous layers and can be electrically doped during the epitaxial growth process to achieve hole or electron conduction. Analysis of the space charge limited current in these films reveals record vertical mobilities of 10.3(49) cm2 V−1 s−1. To demonstrate the performance of this materials system, monolithic pin-diodes aimed for rectification are built. The f3db of these diodes is over 1 GHz and thus higher than any other organic semiconductor-based device shown so far. It is believed that this work will pave the way for future high-performance organic devices based on highly crystalline thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2003519
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2021

User-Defined Keywords

  • crystals
  • diode
  • high-frequency
  • high-mobility
  • organic electronics
  • rubrene

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