Does uniform design really work in stated choice modeling? A simulation study

Donggen WANG*, Pengfei Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Stated preference/choice methods have become established modeling tools for transportation studies. At the core of these methods is experimental design, which usually employs orthogonal arrays. This conventional design method, however, imposes constraints on the number of attributes and/or levels that may be included in a study, for the number of profiles it provides may be too large to handle, particularly when the number of attributes and/or levels is large and sometimes it cannot provide a reasonable number of profiles. Recently, Wang and Li (2002, Geographical Analysis, 34, 350–362) introduce a new design method that may overcome the shortcomings of the conventional approach: uniform design. The number of profiles generated by uniform design is substantially less than that by orthogonal design, particularly for uneven numbers of levels. Further, uniform design can provide solutions to cases where the orthogonal design cannot. This paper presents a simulation study to analyze the statistical properties of uniform design and to compare uniform design and orthogonal design on these properties. Specifically, we study the ability to pick up the significant variables and the accuracy of parameter estimation and model prediction by uniform design and compare them with that by orthogonal design. The simulation results show that parameters estimated from uniform design are unbiased. The efficiency of the parameter estimations of uniform design is comparable to that of orthogonal design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-221
Number of pages13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Transportation
  • Engineering(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Experimental design
  • Orthogonal design
  • Stated choice method
  • Stated preference method
  • Uniform design


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