Do high-commitment work systems affect creativity? A multilevel combinational approach to employee creativity

Song Chang*, Liangding Jia, Riki Takeuchi, Yahua Cai

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    207 Citations (Scopus)


    [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 99(4) of Journal of Applied Psychology (see record 2014-27229-002). In this article, some information about the data used in the article and a citation were not included. The details of the corrections are provided.] This study uses 3-level, 2-wave time-lagged data from a random sample of 55 high-technology firms, 238 teams, and 1,059 individuals in China to investigate a multilevel combinational model of employee creativity. First, we hypothesize that firm (macrolevel) high-commitment work systems are conducive to individual (microlevel) creativity. Furthermore, we hypothesize that this positive crosslevel main impact may be combined with middle-level (mesolevel) factors, including team cohesion and team task complexity, such that the positive impact of firm high-commitment work systems on individual creativity is stronger when team cohesion is high and the team task more complex. The findings from random coefficient modeling analyses provide support for our hypotheses. These sets of results offer novel insight into how firms can use macrolevel and mesolevel contextual variables in a systematic manner to promote employee creativity in the workplace, despite its complex nature.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)665-680
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
    Issue number4
    Early online date3 Feb 2014
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

    User-Defined Keywords

    • high-commitment work systems
    • team cohesion
    • team task complexity
    • creativity
    • multilevel combinational approach


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