Discriminability and reliability indexes: Two new measures to enhance multi-image face recognition

Weiwen Zou, Pong Chi YUEN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In order to handle complex face image variations in face recognition, multi-image face recognition has been proposed, instead of using a single still-image-based approach. In many practical scenarios, multiple images can be easily obtained in enrollment and query stages, for example, using video. By assessing these images, a good "quality" image(s) will be selected for recognition using conventional still-image-based recognition algorithms so that the recognition performance can be improved. However, existing methods do not fully utilize all images information. In this paper, two new measurements, namely discriminability index (DI) and reliability index (RI), are proposed to evaluate the enrolled and query images, respectively. By considering the distribution of enrolled images from individuals, the discriminability index of each image is calculated and a weight is assigned. For testing images, a reliability index is calculated based on matching quality between the testing images and enrolled images. If the reliability index of a testing image is small, the testing image will be discarded as it may degrade the recognition performance. To evaluate and demonstrate the use of DI and RI, we adopt the combining classifier method with eigenface representations in input and kernel feature spaces. CMU-PIE, YaleB and FRGC V2.0 databases are used for experiments. Experimental results show that the recognition performance, with three popular combination rules, can be increased by more than 10% on average using DI and RI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3483-3493
Number of pages11
JournalPattern Recognition
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence

User-Defined Keywords

  • Discriminability index
  • Face recognition
  • Image assessment
  • Multiple images
  • Reliability index


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