Discordant future climate-driven changes in winter PM2.5pollution across India under a warming climate

Xiaorui Zhang, Xiang Xiao, Fan Wang, Yang Yang, Hong Liao, Shixin Wang, Meng Gao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


India s megacities have been suffering from frequent winter particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution episodes, and how impacts of meteorology on air quality will evolve with time under a warming climate remains a concern. In this study, we identified conducive meteorological weather conditions in 5 megacities across India and found that quantile regression models can better describe the meteorological impacts under high pollution level and capture more observed high PM2.5events than linear regression.The future climate-driven changes in winter PM2.5pollution in India were offered with quantile regression models using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 simulations under the SSP585 and SSP245 scenarios. Under SSP585 scenario, northern Indian megacities are likely to suffer from a stagnant weather condition in the near future, and higher boundary layer height and more atmospheric dispersion conditions during the second half of 21st century. Compared with the mean levels over 1990-2019, New Delhi and Kolkata would experience 6.1 and 5.7 more PM2.5exceedances per season over 2030-2059 and 4.1 and 2.5 fewer exceedances per season during 2070-2099, respectively. Owing to increasing surface humidity and boundary layer height, air quality is projected to improve in Mumbai and Hyderabad with more than 6.1 and 1.2 fewer exceedances per season over 2050-2099. However, more than 6 exceedances will occur in Chennai due to enhanced lower-Tropospheric stability.The negative impact of future meteorology on PM2.5exceedances would become weak under SSP245. Our results can provide references for the Indian government to optimize their emission control plans to minimize adverse impacts of air quality on health, ecosystem, and climate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberelementa.2022.00149
Number of pages16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Oceanography
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology
  • Atmospheric Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Meteorological condition
  • Particulate matters
  • Quantile regression


Dive into the research topics of 'Discordant future climate-driven changes in winter PM2.5pollution across India under a warming climate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this