Differential Effects of Neurotrophins and Schwann Cell-Derived Signals on Neuronal Survival/Growth and Synaptogenesis

H. Benjamin Peng*, Jie Fei Yang, Zhengshan Dai, Chi Wai Lee, Hiu Wai Hung, Zhi Hua Feng, Chien Ping Ko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that the survival of mammalian motoneurons in vitro is promoted by neurotrophins (NTs) and cAMP. There is also evidence that neurotrophins enhance transmitter release. We thus investigated whether these agents also promote synaptogenesis. Cultured Xenopus spinal cord neurons were treated with a mixture of BDNF, glia-derived neurotrophic factor, NT-3, and NT-4, in addition to forskolin and IBMX or the cell-permeant form of cAMP, to elevate the cAMP level. The outgrowth and survival of neurons were dramatically increased by this trophic stimulation. However, when these neurons were cocultured with muscle cells, the trophic agents resulted in a failure of synaptogenesis. Specifically, the induction of ACh receptor (AChR) clustering in cultured muscle cells was inhibited at nerve—muscle contacts, in sharp contrast to control, untreated cocultures. Because AChR clustering induced by agrin or growth factor-coated beads in muscle cells was unaffected by trophic stimulation, its effect on synaptogenesis is presynaptic in origin. In the control, agrin was deposited along the neurite and at nerve—muscle contacts. This was significantly downregulated in cultures treated with trophic stimuli. Reverse transcriptase-PCR analyses showed that this decrease in agrin deposition was caused by an inhibition of agrin synthesis by trophic stimuli. Both agrin synthesis and induction of AChR clustering were restored under trophic stimulation when Schwann cell-conditioned medium was introduced. These results suggest that trophic stimulation maintains spinal neurons in the growth state, and Schwann cell-derived factors allow them to switch to the synaptogenic state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5050-5060
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2003

User-Defined Keywords

  • neurotrophins
  • neuromuscular junction
  • NMJ
  • agrin
  • Schwann cell
  • synaptogenesis
  • neuronal survival

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