Dietary exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans via fish consumption and dioxin-like activity in fish determined by H4IIE-luc bioassay

Janet Kit Yan Chan, Yu Bon Man, Guan Hua Xing, Sheng Chun Wu, Margaret B. Murphy, Ying Xu, Ming Hung WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo. -p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) via fish consumption in two major electronic (e) waste sites: Guiyu (GY), Guangdong Province and Taizhou (TZ), Zhejiang Province, and dioxin-like activity in fish determined by H4IIE-luc bioassay. In the present study, all fish were below EU's maximum allowable concentration in muscle of fish (4. pg WHO-TEQ/g wet wt), except crucian (4.28. pg WHO-TEQ/g wet wt) and silver carps (7.49. pg WHO-TEQ/g wet wt) collected from GY rivers. Moreover, the residual concentration in bighead carp collected from GY (2.15. pg WHO-TEQ/g wet wt) was close to the EU's action level (3. pg WHO-TEQ/g wet wt) which gives "early warning" to the competent authorities and operators to take measures to eliminate contamination. In addition, results indicated that the maximum human intake of PCDD/Fs via freshwater fish consumption in GY was 4.31. pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/day, which exceeds the higher end of the tolerable daily intake recommended by the WHO, EC-SCF and JECFA (1-4, 2 and 2.3. pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/day respectively). Furthermore, H4IIE-luc cell bioassay provides a very sensitive and cost-efficient screening tool for assessing the overall dioxin-like toxicity in the study, and is therefore valuable for high-throughput environmental monitoring studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1200
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume463-464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

User-Defined Keywords

  • Electronic waste
  • Estimated daily intake
  • Freshwater fish
  • H4IIE-luc cell bioassay
  • PCDD/Fs

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