Development and Validation of the Chinese Making Sense of Adversity Scale: Acculturative Stressors as an Example

Jiayan Pan*, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Sun Chan Kin, Cecilia Lai Wan Chan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to develop and validate the Chinese Making Sense of Adversity Scale (CMSAS) to measure the cognitive coping strategies that Chinese people adopt to make sense of adversity. Method: A 12-item CMSAS was developed by in-depth interview and item analysis. The scale was validated with a sample of 627 Chinese international students in Australia and Mainland Chinese students in Hong Kong. Results: Exploratory factor analysis identified two factors: making positive sense and making negative sense of adversity. The CMSAS exhibited high internal consistency reliability and good concurrent validity. Conclusion: The CMSAS is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the coping strategies used by Chinese people to make sense of adversity. However, further validation of the scale is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-486
Number of pages8
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Volume18
Issue number5
Early online date17 Mar 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2008

User-Defined Keywords

  • sense making
  • meaning-focused coping
  • acculturation
  • Chinese students

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