Development and initial validation of the Psychological Need Frustration Scale for Physical Activity

Pak-Kwong CHUNG*, Tao Zhong, Jing Dong Liu, Chunqing ZHANG, Ming Yu Claudia Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. The frustration of basic psychological needs can be detrimental to people’s health. To date, a scale developed specifically for measuring such perceived negative experiences, derived from a need thwarting environment in the physical activity context, is lacking. The present research attempted to develop and validate the Psychological Need Frustration Scale for Physical Activity (PNFS-PA) grounded in self-determination theory via multiple studies. Method. In Study 1, an item pool was created, and its face and content validity were established. In Study 2, the factor structure of the scale was demonstrated using exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM). In Study 3, its factor structure was cross-validated. Also, the nomological validity, reliability and measurement invariance of the scale were established. Result. Taken together, the research suggests the newly developed PNFS-PA is valid and reliable and can be applied to assess psychological needs frustration experiences in the physical activity context.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere9210
JournalPeerJ
Volume2020
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Basic psychological needs theory
  • Exploratory structural equation modelling
  • Instrument development
  • Self-determination theory

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