Determinants of high-performance work systems in small and medium-sized private enterprises in China

Kun Qiao, Xiaoyun Wang, Liqun WEI*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the determinants of high-performance work systems (HPWS) in small and medium-sized private enterprises (SMPEs) in China. Fifteen SMPE owners in a medium-sized city of China were interviewed, the data were analysed and a grid model was developed. The results show that stakeholder relationships and the commitment of owners to human resource management (HRM) are the two main aspects determining the adoption of HPWS in China's SMPEs. Most of the HRM practices used by these SMPEs were developed by the owners according to the specific needs of the firm and the need for flexibility. This research contributes to the HPWS literature by providing evidence on its development in SMPEs in a transitional economy. Key points: Filling in the gap of extant HPWS research which mainly focuses on large firms, we explore on the development of HPWPs in small and medium-sized firms. Adopting a qualitative research method, our study provides evidence on the determinants of HPWS adoption in SMPEs. Our study contributes not only to HPWS literature but also to the institution-related contextual perspective with our findings on HPWS development in emerging economy firms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-203
Number of pages19
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

User-Defined Keywords

  • China
  • Determinants
  • High-performance work systems
  • Small and medium-sized private enterprises

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