Design, growth, and characterization of morphology-tunable Cd xZn 1-xS nanostructures generated by a one-step thermal evaporation process

Zai Xing Yang, Peng Zhang, Wei Zhong*, Yu Deng, Chak Tong AU, You Wei Du

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-quality morphology-tunable Cd xZn 1-xS nanostructures were synthesized through a one-step thermal evaporation process. They are in the forms of nanoswords, super-long nanowires, cubic nanopillars, heterogeneous nanobelts, branched nanorods, and nanocombs. The morphology and composition of the as-prepared Cd xZn 1-xS nanomaterials were regulated by controlling (i) distance between source materials, (ii) deposition temperature, and (iii) flow of protecting gas. The hexagonal wurtzite phase of the Cd xZn 1-xS nanostructures was verified by XRD, and the single crystallinity was confirmed by SAED analysis. In the photoluminescence (PL) study, the emission bands ranged from 448 to 474 nm, which indicates the formation of Zn xCd 1-xS nanocrystals rather than CdS, ZnS, or core-shell structured nanocrystals. The result of the cathodoluminescence (CL) investigation reveals that the nanoswords are thick at the middle and thin at the two edges, just as the name "nanoswords" indicates. It is worth pointing out that the low-cost, environment-friendly approach adopted in the present study can be applied to synthesize nanostructures of other compounds such as ternary Mg xZn 1-xS, Cu xCd 1-xS and quaternary CuCdMgS semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4298-4305
Number of pages8
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume14
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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