Design and synthesis of near-infrared emissive lanthanide complexes based on macrocyclic ligands

Xunjin ZHU, Rick W K WONG*, Wai Yeung WONG, Xiaoping Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


This review firstly summarizes our recent work on the preparation and photophysical properties of cationic or neutral lanthanide(III) monoporphyrinate complexes, as well as some bridging dinuclear complexes, in which the porphyrinate anion can sensitize the NIR emission of NdIII, Yb III and ErIII ions by serving as an antenna that absorbs visible light and transfers the energy to the excited state of the lanthanide(III) ion, followed by relaxation through the NIR emission. Next, several d-f heterobimetallic diporphyrin complexes, in which a transition metal (M = Zn, Pd, and Pt) porphyrinate moiety serves as a donor by transferring its energy to the Yb3+ ion and enhances the NIR emission, are described. In addition, the synthesis and photophysical properties of some GdIII porphyrinate complexes and monophthalocyaninato lanthanide complexes are also described in this contribution. Apart from the above compounds, we also discuss the construction of multidecker multimetallic lanthanide Schiff base assemblies, which demonstrate that these varieties of salen-type Schiff base ligands can stabilize LnIII centers and provide the antenna for lanthanide luminescence. By taking advantage of the absorption and emission properties of transition-metal Schiff base complexes, multinuclear and polynuclear Zn II-LnIII Schiff base complexes have also been constructed with improved luminescence properties. Various synthetic strategies have been described for encapsulating lanthanide ions into molecular edifices and making use of macrocyclic (viz. porphyrins, phthalocyanines and their derivatives) or acyclic ligands as well as d-transition-metal complexes (i.e. Schiff base and their transition-metal complexes) to sensitize the near-infrared-emitting trivalent lanthanide ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4651-4674
Number of pages24
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Lanthanides
  • Luminescence
  • Macrocyclic ligands
  • Porphyrinoids


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