Design and application of a pre-composting test step to determine the effect of high fat food wastes on an industrial scale in-vessel composting system

Ashoke David Maliki, Ka Man LAI*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high fat content in food wastes was suspected to inhibit an industrial in-vessel composting process from reaching the European Union Animal By-Product Regulation (composting temperature >70 °C for 1 h). The aim of this study was to design a test step to guide the mixing ratio of food waste to green waste to meet the regulation. A 15-compartment composting unit was designed to contain the compost mixes. Sausage and cheese wastes were mixed with green waste at 1:1; 1:2; 1:3 and 1:4 ratios by wet weight volume. Only the sausage waste mix ratio of 1:4 gave an average temperature of 70 °C for at least 1 h after 2 days of composting (fat content - 17%; C: N ratio - 8.6). All the cheese waste mixes did not reach 70 °C after 15 days of composting. This study demonstrated that using a simple pre-composting test step could reduce the chances of process failure during industrial composting. Although both sausage and cheese wastes are high in fat, they performed very differently in the composting process. Two linear equations were fitted to model the impact of these wastes on the maximum composting temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-911
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biomaterials
  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • Animal by-product regulation
  • Composting inhibition
  • Fat content
  • In-vessel composting
  • Industrial food wastes
  • Pre-composting setup

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