Deficit irrigation and sustainable water-resource strategies in agriculture for China's food security

Taisheng Du, Shaozhong Kang*, Jianhua ZHANG, William J. Davies

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

More than 70% of fresh water is used in agriculture in many parts of the world, but competition for domestic and industrial water use is intense. For future global food security, water use in agriculture must become sustainable. Agricultural water-use efficiency and water productivity can be improved at different points from the stomatal to the regional scale. A promising approach is the use of deficit irrigation, which can both save water and induce plant physiological regulations such as stomatal opening and reproductive and vegetative growth. At the scales of the irrigation district, the catchment, and the region, there can be many other components to a sustainable water-resources strategy. There is much interest in whether crop water use can be regulated as a function of understanding of physiological responses. If this is the case, then agricultural water resources can be reallocated to the benefit of the broader community. We summarize the extent of use and impact of deficit irrigation within China. A sustainable strategy for allocation of agricultural water resources for food security is proposed. Our intention is to build an integrative system to control crop water use during different cropping stages and actively regulate the plant's growth, productivity, and development based on physiological responses. This is done with a view to improving the allocation of limited agricultural water resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2253-2269
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume66
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Crop production
  • deficit irrigation
  • food security
  • physiological response
  • water sustainability
  • water-saving agriculture

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