In chemotherapy, the search for ruthenium compounds as alternatives to platinum compounds is proposed because of their unique properties. However, the geometry effect of ruthenium complexes is sparely investigated. In this paper, we report the synthesis of a series of bis(acetylacetonato)ruthenium(III) complexes bearing two amidines (1–) in a cis configuration. These complexes are highly cytotoxic against various cancer cell lines, including the cisplatin-resistant cell line. In vitro studies suggested that the representative complex can induce cell cycle G0/G1 phase arrest, decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential, elevate intracellular reactive oxygen species level, cause DNA damage, and caspase-mediated mitochondrial pathway apoptosis in NCI-H460 cells. In vivo, it can effectively inhibit tumor xenograft growth of nude mice models with no body weight loss. In combination with the reported trans-bis(amidine)ruthenium(III) complexes, we found that ruthenium(III) bis(amidine) complexes could be cytotoxic in both trans and cis geometry, which is in contrast to the platinum-based compounds.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2023|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Inorganic Chemistry