Current status of coastal zone issues and management in China: A review

Wenzhi Cao, Ming Hung WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

142 Citations (Scopus)


This paper identifies and examines social-economic and environmental issues recently emerged in China's coastal zone. Evaluation of management scheme and progress in perspectives of coordinated legislation, institutional arrangement, public participation, capacity building, and scientific research (mainly coastal planning and functional zoning) in China's coastal zone are made. The Chinese government has made a significant effort in developing legislation for the coastal zone. Jurisdictional and zoning boundaries, and allocating use rights for coastal and marine resources have been established. State Oceanic Administration is the leading agency responsible for China's ocean policymaking and overall management of ocean and coastal affairs. A demonstrated project for integrated coastal management in Xiamen has been implemented, and is characterized as "decentralization" approach in decision-making process. In view of the above, comprehensive coastal management in China is a big challenge, facing with many difficulties. Finally, recommendations are raised for tackling these issues for China's coastal zone management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)985-992
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironment International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Coastal reclamation
  • Ecosystem degration
  • Legislation
  • Pollution


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