Current developments in clinical sample preconcentration prior to elemental analysis by atomic spectrometry: A comprehensive literature review

Tsz Shan Lum, Yeuk Ki Tsoi, Kelvin S Y LEUNG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sample preconcentration is important for metal analysis in complex clinical matrices due to the low concentration of analytes and high salt content. The limited amount of sample available also increases the challenges of extraction and determination of the analytes. In spite of the increase in sensitivity of instruments, such ultra-trace levels of the metals are still difficult to determine accurately. Researchers have adopted various strategies to improve the efficiency and selectivity of the extraction. The use of chemicals and time for analysis can also be reduced by scaling down the analysis to the micro-level. This review discusses four aspects of the recent development in metal preconcentration in clinical samples, namely the use of ionic liquids (ILs) in extraction, sorption by nanomaterials, preconcentration using surfactants, and automation. The publications reviewed cover the period between 2008 to late 2013.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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