CrOx/nano-Ce0.60Zr0.35Y0.05O2 catalysts that are highly selective for the oxidative dehydrogenation of isobutane to isobutene

Guozhi Wang, Hongxing Dai*, Lei Zhang, Jiguang Deng, Caixin Liu, Hong He, Chak Tong Au

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


Fluorite-type nanosized Ce0.60Zr0.35Y0.05O2 (nano-CZY) solid solution catalysts that are relatively uniform in particle size (4–5 nm) and y CrOx/nano-CZY (y is the weight percentage of Cr2O3 ranging from 2 to 10 wt%) catalysts were prepared by the ethylene glycol-assisted CTAB-templated co-precipitation and incipient wetness impregnation methods, respectively. The materials were characterized by a number of analytical techniques and their catalytic performance was evaluated for the oxidative dehydrogenation of isobutane. The y CrOx/nano-CZY catalysts show excellent activities, with the y = 8 wt% one performing the best (ca. 93% isobutene selectivity and ca. 10% isobutene yield at 540 °C and 30,000 mL/(gcat h)). We conclude that the good reducibility of the highly dispersed CrOx domains and the promotion of O2 adsorption at oxygen vacancies of nano-CZY (for enhanced oxidation of the reduced catalyst) are responsible for the excellent performance of the 8 wt% CrOx/nano-CZY catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Issue number2
Early online date11 Jan 2010
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Ceria-zirconia-yttria solid solution
  • Isobutane oxidative dehydrogenation
  • Nanoparticle
  • Supported chromia catalyst


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