Correlates of identity statuses among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong

Rebecca S.Y. Lam*, Vicky C W TAM

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates correlates of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents' identity statuses with (i) parental and school contexts and (ii) major psychosocial developmental outcomes. Data were collected from 1260 Secondary 2-4 (equivalent to Grades 8-10 in the US school system) students through a questionnaire survey. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that parental attributes of acceptance, values and goals, and psychological control, and school contextual factor of task orientations predicted identity achievement, whereas parents' acceptance, psychological and firm control, and teacher's support predicted identity foreclosure. Regarding the impact on psychosocial development, another series of regression analyses revealed that (i) identity achievement predicted low depression, high self-esteem, and high self-efficacy; (ii) moratorium predicted low self-esteem; and (iii) foreclosure predicted high self-efficacy. Overall, the findings shed light on adolescent identity development in Hong Kong, facilitating discussions on identity-related issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

User-Defined Keywords

  • Hong Kong Chinese adolescents
  • Identity statuses
  • Parental and school contexts
  • Psychosocial developmental outcomes


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