The present study demonstrated the cytoprotective abilities of low concentrations of ethanol, NaCl and HCl, against the gastric mucosal damage caused by 100% ethanol, and the contributions of the physical and chemical properties of these mild irritants to their protective actions. The results have shown the differential protective effects of ethanol (10-40%), NaCl (2.5-12.5%) and HCl (0.15-0.45M), with the optimal cytoprotective concentrations being 20% ethanol, 5% NaCl and 0.3M HCl, respectively. Solutions of KCl and NaCl with similar osmolarity, and H2SO4 and HCl of similar acidity and osmolarity, all showed similar protective potentials as compared to the osmotic agent mannitol, which possessed a concentration- and tonicity-dependent protective action against 100% ethanol-induced mucosal damage. Same concentration of methanol, propan-2-ol and ethanol, having similar osmolarity with deionized water, exerted indifferent protective effects. It is therefore concluded that adaptive cytoprotection induced by low concentrations of NaCl and HCl could depend on their physical properties, while that of ethanol could act through its unique chemical property.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- gastric mucosal damage
- mild irritants