Contested Allegiance - 逐鹿忠誠: The Response of Hong Kong’s Macanese Community to the Challenges of the Japanese Occupation

Brian Edgar, Catherine S. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hong Kong’s Macanese population was almost as old as the British occupation, having arrived via Macau after a long process of ‘drifting’ between territories and empires. This article begins by briefly describing the history and the nature of this community and moves on to discuss its incorporation into Hong Kong’s British cultural and colonial order. This led to a countermovement that sought to promote a more ‘Portuguese’ orientation, while the Japanese occupiers engaged in a much more thoroughgoing enterprise and attempted to change the Macanese into loyal citizens of their Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Zone. The article describes the ways in which they sought to use both appeals based on Pan-Asianist ideology and favourable treatment to bring this about, and goes on to establish that the community was in fact substantially loyal to the British at great cost to itself. The reasons for the Japanese failure are analysed, and the article concludes by describing the post-war British failure to acknowledge the sacrifices of the Macanese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-121
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

User-Defined Keywords

  • Macanese
  • Japanese occupation
  • Pan-Asianism
  • resistance
  • 土生葡人
  • 日佔時期
  • 泛亞主義
  • 抵抗組織


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