Construction and validation of a perceived physical literacy instrument for physical education teachers

Raymond Kim Wai Sum, Amy Sau Ching Ha, Chih Fu Cheng, Pak-Kwong CHUNG, Kenny Tat Choi Yiu, Che Chun Kuo, Chung Kai Yu, Fong Jia Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)
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The purpose of this study was to construct and validate a "Perceived Physical Literacy Instrument" (PPLI) for physical education teachers. Based on literature review and focus group interviews, an 18-item instrument was developed for the initial tests. This self-report measure, using a 5-point Likert scale, formed the PPLI and was administered to 336 physical education teachers in Hong Kong. The sample was randomly split, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses resulted in a 9-item, 3-factor scale. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) item loadings ranged from 0.69 to 0.87, and Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.73 to 0.76. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that the construct demonstrated good fit to the model. The PPLI thus appeared to be reliable and valid to measure the perceived physical literacy of physical education teachers. It is argued that the instrument can be used for both research and applied purposes and potential uses for the instrument in physical education, medical and health settings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0155610
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General


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