Consensus-based recommendations for case report in Chinese medicine (CARC)

Shu fei Fu, Chung wah Cheng, Li Zhang, Lidan Zhong, Wai Kun, Jia Lin, Bo li Zhang, Yong yan Wang, Hong cai Shang*, Zhaoxiang BIAN

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Case reports are valuable clinical evidence in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the general reporting quality is suboptimal. A working group comprising 20 members was set up to develop systematic recommendations on case report in Chinese medicine (CARC). The working group (CARC group) developed a primary checklist based on reviewing the general reporting quality of case reports in TCM and thorough internal discussion. Two-round consensus process had been carried out among clinical experts, evidence-based medicine methodologists, medical journal editors and clinical practitioners with designated questionnaire embedded with the primary checklist. In total, 118 participants from 17 provinces of China and Korea completed the questionnaires. Their feedback was analyzed and discussed by the CARC group. The checklist was amended accordingly, and the final version, comprising 16-item, is presented here. Under the framework of CARC recommendations, the reporting quality of case reports in TCM can be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalChinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

User-Defined Keywords

  • case report
  • Chinese medicine
  • reporting recommendations


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