Conditional Probabilities and Symmetric Grounding

Andrew Brenner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


I present new counterexamples to the asymmetry of grounding: we have prima facie reason to think that some conditional probabilities partially ground their inverse conditional probabilities, and vice versa. These new counterexamples may require that we reject the asymmetry of grounding or, alternatively, that we reject one or more of the assumptions (regarding, e.g., the correct interpretation of probability) that enable the counterexamples. Either way, by reflecting on these purported counterexamples to grounding asymmetry, we learn something important, either about the formal properties of grounding or about the nature of probability (or both).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)958-973
Number of pages16
JournalPhilosophy of Science
Issue number4
Early online date6 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


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