Computer-Aided Clinical Skin Disease Diagnosis Using CNN and Object Detection Models

Xin He, Shihao Wang, Shaohuai Shi, Zhenheng Tang, Yuxin Wang, Zhihao Zhao, Jing Dai, Ronghao Ni, Xiaofeng Zhang, Xiaoming Liu, Zhili Wu, Wu Yu, Xiaowen CHU*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Skin disease is one of the most common types of human diseases, which may happen to everyone regardless of age, gender or race. Due to the high visual diversity, human diagnosis highly relies on personal experience; and there is a serious shortage of experienced dermatologists in many countries. To alleviate this problem, computer-aided diagnosis with state-of-the-art (SOTA) machine learning techniques would be a promising solution. In this paper, we aim at understanding the performance of convolutional neural network (CNN) based approaches. We first build two versions of skin disease datasets from Internet images: (a) Skin-10, which contains 10 common classes of skin disease with a total of 10,218 images; (b) Skin-100, which is a larger dataset that consists of 19,807 images of 100 skin disease classes. Based on these datasets, we benchmark several SOTA CNN models and show that the accuracy of skin-100 is much lower than the accuracy of skin-10. We then implement an ensemble method based on several CNN models and achieve the best accuracy of 79.01% for Skin-10 and 53.54% for Skin-100. We also present an object detection based approach by introducing bounding boxes into the Skin-10 dataset. Our results show that object detection can help improve the accuracy of some skin disease classes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019
EditorsChaitanya Baru, Jun Huan, Latifur Khan, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Ronay Ak, Yuanyuan Tian, Roger Barga, Carlo Zaniolo, Kisung Lee, Yanfang Fanny Ye
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4839-4844
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728108582
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 9 Dec 201912 Dec 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period9/12/1912/12/19

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management

User-Defined Keywords

  • CNN
  • computer-aided skin disease diagnosis
  • ensemble method
  • object detection

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