Comparing Polish-German and Polish-Russian reconciliation efforts

Stanisław Bieleń, Krzysztof Śliwiński

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Poland is among the countries that cite a geopolitical fate. Regardless of its own complex history, with no shortage of expansive wars, since the turn of the seventeenth and eighteenth century it has faced not only territorial claims from its strongest neighbours but also planned efforts to divide and liquidate it. The processes of reconciliation with the largest neighbours – Germany and Russia – are thus about, on the one hand, the preservation of memory about the atrocities and human sufferings, bringing forgiveness and preventing such atrocities from happening again in the future. An enormous role in Polish-German reconciliation was played by ethical reflection derived from religion, which became a source of inspiration in politics. In Polish-German reconciliation, an enormous role was played by Christian churches – the Evangelical and the Catholic church. One attempt to quasi-diplomatically support Polish-Russian reconciliation was the establishment of the Polish-Russian Group for Difficult Issues in 2002 and its reactivation in 2008.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReconciling with the Past
Subtitle of host publicationResources and Obstacles in a Global Perspective
EditorsAnnika Frieberg, C.K. Martin Chung
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781315624631
ISBN (Print)9781138651722, 9781138367395
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2017

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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