Community-Based Bus System as Routing Backbone for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Fusang Zhang, Hai LIU, Yiu Wing LEUNG, Xiaowen CHU, Beihong Jin

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low delivery latency and high delivery ratio are two key goals in the design of routing schemes in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs). The existing routing schemes utilize real-time information (e.g., Geographical position and vehicle density) and historical information (e.g., Contacts of vehicles), which usually suffer from a long delivery latency and a low delivery ratio. Inspired by the unique features of bus systems such as wide coverage, fixed routes and regular service, we propose to use the bus systems as routing backbones of VANETs. In this work, we present a Community-based Bus System (CBS) which consists of two components: a community-based backbone and a routing scheme over the backbone. We collect real traces of 2515 buses in Beijing and build a community-based backbone by applying community detection techniques in the Beijing bus system. A two-level routing scheme is proposed to operate over the backbone. The proposed routing scheme performs sequentially in the inter-community level and the intra-community level, and is able to support message delivery to both mobile vehicles and specific locations/areas. Extensive experiments are conducted on the real trace data of the Beijing bus system and the results show that CBS can significantly lower the delivery latency and improve the delivery ratio. CBS is applicable to any bus-based VANETs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE 35th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, ICDCS 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages73-82
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781467372145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2015
Event35th IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, ICDCS 2015 - Columbus, United States
Duration: 29 Jun 20152 Jul 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems
Volume2015-July

Conference

Conference35th IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, ICDCS 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityColumbus
Period29/06/152/07/15

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

User-Defined Keywords

  • backbone
  • bus systems
  • routing
  • VANETs

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