Communications between the endoplasmic reticulum and other organelles during abiotic stress response in plants

Linchuan Liu, Jianming Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To adapt to constantly changing environmental conditions, plants have evolved sophisticated tolerance mechanisms to integrate various stress signals and to coordinate plant growth and development. It is well known that inter-organellar communications play important roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis in response to environmental stresses. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), extending throughout the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, is a central organelle involved in lipid metabolism, Ca2+ homeostasis, and synthesis and folding of secretory and transmembrane proteins crucial to perceive and transduce environmental signals. The ER communicates with the nucleus via the highly conserved unfolded protein response pathway to mitigate ER stress. Importantly, recent studies have revealed that the dynamic ER network physically interacts with other intracellular organelles and endomembrane compartments, such as the Golgi complex, mitochondria, chloroplast, peroxisome, vacuole, and the plasma membrane, through multiple membrane contact sites between closely apposed organelles. In this review, we will discuss the signaling and metabolite exchanges between the ER and other organelles during abiotic stress responses in plants as well as the ER-organelle membrane contact sites and their associated tethering complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number749
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • membrane contact sites
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • unfolded protein response
  • lipid exchange and transport
  • calcium homeostasis
  • reactive oxygen species

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