Combination of site-specific nitrogen management and alternate wetting and drying irrigation increases grain yield and nitrogen and water use efficiency in super rice

Lijun Liu, Tingting Chen, Zhiqin Wang, Hao Zhang, Jianchang Yang*, Jianhua ZHANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Site-specific nitrogen management (SSNM) and alternate wetting and drying (AWD) irrigation are two applied technologies developed in recent years in rice production. Little is known, however, how synergistic these two technologies can be in terms of grain yield, nitrogen and water use efficiencies. We investigated this issue using super rice under SSNM, AWD, or both. Two super rice varieties subjected to four N and irrigation treatments, i.e., continuously flooded (CF) and farmer's N practice (FNP) (CF-FNP), CF-SSNM, AWD-FNP, and AWD-SSNM, were field-grown in 2011 and 2012. SSNM or AWD significantly increased the percentage of productive tillers, leaf area duration, leaf photosynthetic rate, root oxidation activity and dry matter accumulation during grain filling compared with FNP or CF. Such increases were more evident when both AWD and SSNM were adopted together. The AWD-SSNM treatment increased not only the number of spikelets per panicle, but also the percentage of filled grains and grain weight. Root biomass at heading time and the harvest index were significantly higher under the AWD-SSNM treatment than those under any other treatments. When compared to those under the CF-FNP treatment, grain yield, N partial factor productivity (grain yield over the N rate) and WUE (grain yield over the amount of irrigation water and rainfall) under the SSNM-AWD treatment were increased by 12.4-14.5%, 26.5-30.7% and 22.8-26.7%, respectively, and also significantly higher than those under SSNM or AWD alone. The results suggest that synergistic interaction between SSNM and AWD occurs in the yield formation, and such an interaction could increase not only grain yield, but also resource-use efficiency in super rice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-235
Number of pages10
JournalField Crops Research
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Alternate wetting and drying irrigation (AWD)
  • Nitrogen use efficiency
  • Root oxidation activity
  • Site-specific nitrogen management (SSNM)
  • Super rice (Oryza sativa L.)
  • Water use efficiency

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