The effect of the collisions on the control of coherent population transfer in a closed inverse Y -type four-level system driven by three laser fields is investigated with the stimulated Raman adiabatic passage technique. An arbitrary coherent superposition between the initial state and target state can be created either by varying the Rabi frequency of the control laser field or by tuning the one-photon detunings of the pump and Stokes laser fields. When the three laser fields with nearly equal peak Rabi frequencies are each tuned to resonance with the respective transitions, the low transfer efficiency due to the nonadiabatic coupling between two degenerate adiabatic states could be enhanced dramatically with the increase of the collision-induced coherence decay rates to the value nearly comparable to the Rabi frequency of the control field. The enhanced transfer efficiency results from the collision-controlled electromagnetically induced transparency in the Λ -type three-level subsystem and electromagnetically induced absorption in the ladder-type three-level subsystem of the four-level system.
|Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
|Published - 11 Aug 2008
Scopus Subject Areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics