Cognitive abilities are associated with specific conjunctions of structural and functional neural subnetworks

Daniel Kristanto, Andrea Hildebrandt, Werner Sommer*, Changsong Zhou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Cognitive neuroscience assumes that different mental abilities correspond to at least partly separable brain subnetworks and strives to understand their relationships. However, single-task approaches typically revealed multiple brain subnetworks to be involved in performance. Here, we chose a bottom-up approach of investigating the association between structural and functional brain subnetworks, on the one hand, and domain-specific cognitive abilities, on the other. Structural network was identified using machine-learning graph neural network by clustering anatomical brain properties measured in 838 individuals enroled in the WU-Minn Young Adult Human Connectome Project. Functional network was adapted from seven Resting State Networks (7-RSN). We then analyzed the results of 15 cognitive tasks and estimated five latent abilities: fluid reasoning (Gf), crystallized intelligence (Gc), memory (Mem), executive functions (EF), and processing speed (Gs). In a final step we determined linear associations between these independently identified ability and brain entities. We found no one-to-one mapping between latent abilities and brain subnetworks. Analyses revealed that abilities are associated with properties of particular combinations of brain subnetworks. While some abilities are more strongly associated to within-subnetwork connections, others are related with connections between multiple subnetworks. Importantly, domain-specific abilities commonly rely on node(s) as hub(s) to connect with other subnetworks. To test the robustness of our findings, we ran the analyses through several defensible analytical decisions. Together, the present findings allow a novel perspective on the distinct nature of domain-specific cognitive abilities building upon unique combinations of associated brain subnetworks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120304
Number of pages15
JournalNeuroImage
Volume279
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

User-Defined Keywords

  • Brain Cognition Associations
  • Brain Network
  • Cognitive Abilities
  • Executive Functions
  • Functional Brain Networks
  • Individual Differences
  • Intelligence
  • Neuroanatomy

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