Class III peroxidases are activated in proanthocyanidin-deficient Arabidopsis thaliana seeds

Liguo Jia, Weifeng Xu, Wenrao Li, Nenghui Ye, Rui Liu, Lu Shi, A. N.M.Rubaiyath Bin Rahman, Mingshou Fan, Jianhua Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Background and AimsIt has previously been shown that proanthocyanidins (PAs) in the seed coat of Arabidopsis thaliana have the ability to scavenge superoxide radicals (O2-). However, the physiological processess in PA-deficit seeds are not clear. It is hypothesized that there exist alternative ways in PA-deficient seeds to cope with oxidative stress.MethodsThe content of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and its relevance to the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidases was investigated in both wild-type and PA-deficit mutant seeds. A biochemical staining approach was used to detect tissue localizations of peroxidase activities in PA-deficit mutant seeds.Key ResultsPA-deficient mutants possess significantly lower levels of H2O2 than the wild-type, despite their higher accumulation of superoxide radicals. Screening of the key antioxidant enzymes revealed that peroxidase activity was significantly over-activated in mutant seeds. This high peroxidase activity was mainly confined to the seed coat zone. Interestingly, neither ascorbate peroxidase nor glutathione peroxidase, just the guaiacol peroxidases (class III peroxidases), was specifically activated in the seed coat. However, no significant difference in peroxidase activity was observed in embryos of either mutants or the wild-type, although gene expressions of several candidate peroxidases were down-regulated in the embryos of PA-deficient seeds.ConclusionsThe results suggest that enhanced class III peroxidase activity in the seed coat of PA-deficient mutants is an adaptive strategy for seed development and survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-847
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Botany
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • anti-oxidation
  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • peroxidase
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • seed coat
  • seed development
  • seed germination


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