Chinese Cultural Collectivism and Work‐Related Stress: Implications for Employment Counselors

Randy K CHIU*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)


    The influence and damage of work‐related stress on employees from different cultures may well be the same, but the form of stressors may not be so. Stress is influenced by cultural and social variables such as values, attitudes, and perceptions. The collectivism‐individualism construct was suggested to measure cultural variables and attempt to explain the differences of some social behaviors between Eastern and Western people. Eastern cultures like the Chinese and the Japanese are collectivistic, whereas Western cultures such as the American and Canadian are individualistic. As members of an Asian collectivistic society, Hong Kong Chinese workers tend to interpret and handle work‐related stress differently from Westerners, despite the fact that they have been exposed to western business practices. Like Asian Americans, they are often caught between their collectivistic tradition and an increasingly competetive individualistic market place. Employment counselors should take cultural issues into consideration as they provide consultation or counseling services to people who are searching for satisfying work environments. 1995 American Counseling Association

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)98-110
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Employment Counseling
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 1995

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Psychology(all)
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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