China’s Seaport Development during the Early Open Door Policy Period, 1978–2002

Adolf K.Y. Ng*, Ka Chai Tam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The Chinese have a long maritime history, well-documented since the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BCE).1 Although the export of Chinese products has occasionally been disrupted by the Closed Door policies imposed by different Chinese regimes over the past millennium, Chinese ports often played key roles in the international trade networks maintained by the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and later English in the early modern period.2 After the First Opium War (1839–42), however, the Chinese door was forced open again under pressure from Western imperial powers. Ironically, the Chinese coast was forced to close again by a general embargo imposed by the United Nations (UN) after the newly established People’s Republic of China (PRC) entered the Korean War (1950–53) and fought against the United States and its allies (endorsed and supported by the UN).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe World's Key Industry
Subtitle of host publicationHistory and Economics of International Shipping
EditorsGelina Harlaftis, Stig Tenold, Jesús M. Valdaliso
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781137003751
ISBN (Print)9780230369146, 9781349350292
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Engineering(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Foreign Direct Investment
  • Pearl River Delta
  • Chinese Communist Party
  • Port Authority
  • Open Door Policy


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