China's renewable energy and energy efficiency policies toward carbon neutrality: A systematic cross-sectoral review

Yiqun Yang, Kevin Lo*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The ambitious targets of peaking CO2 emissions before 2030 and reaching carbon neutrality before 2060 (Goal 3060) have emerged as the driving force in the development of China's low-carbon energy policy. Adopting a systematic review approach, this article provides a timely analysis of key Chinese renewable energy and energy efficiency policies under Goal 3060 across five sectors: electricity, industry, transportation, buildings, and local governments. In addition, the review identifies challenges to be addressed and offers policy recommendations. There are five main conclusions: (1) expedite the development of market-based and network-based governance systems; (2) pursue the harmonization of policies by avoiding contradiction and fragmentation; (3) develop new policies, especially in the building and transportation sectors; (4) embrace surveillance technologies to improve implementation and compliance; and (5) ensure just transition by implementing policy to reduce the negative socioeconomic impacts on fossil fuels-based communities and workers. This review serves as a useful guide for scholars interested in China's clean and low-carbon energy transition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)491-509
    Number of pages19
    JournalEnergy and Environment
    Volume35
    Issue number1
    Early online date5 Apr 2023
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Environmental Engineering
    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Energy (miscellaneous)

    User-Defined Keywords

    • China
    • energy efficiency
    • Energy policy
    • Goal 3060
    • low-carbon policy
    • renewable energy

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