China’s Green Belt and Road Initiative: transnational environmental governance and causal pathways of orchestration

Qingge Geng, Kevin Lo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Green Belt and Road Initiative was proposed by the Chinese government to address the environmental challenges related to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The BRI International Green Development Coalition (BRIGC), a flagship initiative of the Green BRI, aims to promote the BRI’s environmental performance through transnational governance measures. In this study, we analyzed the BRIGC from the perspective of orchestration theory. We developed a model of causal pathways to understand the micro-steps linking orchestrators, intermediaries, and targets. Furthermore, drawing on first-hand evidence collected through participatory observation, interviews, and focus groups, we identified four key pathways of green orchestration: green consumerism, green infrastructure, green finance, and green governance. We found that the orchestration processes were hampered by the lack of substantial input from the BRIGC, which undermined the intermediary-target relationship. We concluded with recommendations for the BRIGC to strengthen its orchestration capacity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1185
Number of pages23
JournalEnvironmental Politics
Volume32
Issue number7
Early online date12 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • causal pathways
  • China
  • Green Belt And Road Initiative
  • orchestration
  • Transnational environmental governance

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