Chatbots or Humans? Effects of Agent Identity and Information Sensitivity on Users’ Privacy Management and Behavioral Intentions: A Comparative Experimental Study between China and the United States

Yu Li Liu, Wenjia Yan, Bo Hu, Zhi Lin, Yunya Song*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chatbots have been widely adopted to support online customer service and supplement human agents. However, online data transmission may involve privacy issues and arouse users’ privacy concerns. In order to understand the privacy management mechanism when interacting with chatbots and human agents, we designed a cross-national comparative study and conducted online experiments in China and the United States based on Communication Privacy Management (CPM) theory. The results show that privacy concerns and boundary linkage played different mediation roles between agent identity and the intention to disclose as well as the intention to use the service. Information sensitivity had a significant moderating effect on the mechanism. Our research contributes to a better understanding of personal boundary management in the context of human-machine interaction.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Human-Computer Interaction
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Aug 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chatbot
  • China
  • agent identity
  • behavioral intention
  • communication privacy management (CPM)
  • information sensitivity
  • online experiments
  • the US

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