Characterization of Two-Pore Channel 2 by Nuclear Membrane Electrophysiology

Claire Shuk Kwan Lee, Benjamin Chun Kit Tong, Cecily Wing Hei Cheng, Harry Chun Hin Hung, King Ho Cheung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lysosomal calcium (Ca2+) release mediated by NAADP triggers signalling cascades that regulate many cellular processes. The identification of two-pore channel 2 (TPC2) as the NAADP receptor advances our understanding of lysosomal Ca2+ signalling, yet the lysosome is not amenable to traditional patch-clamp electrophysiology. Previous attempts to record TPC2 single-channel activity put TPC2 outside its native environment, which not reflect TPC2’s true physiological properties. To test the feasibility of using nuclear membrane electrophysiology for TPC2 channel characterization, we constructed a stable human TPC2-expressing DT40TKO cell line that lacks endogenous InsP3R and RyR (DT40TKO-hTPC2). Immunostaining revealed hTPC2 expression on the ER and nuclear envelope. Intracellular dialysis of NAADP into Fura-2-loaded DT40TKO-hTPC2 cells elicited cytosolic Ca2+ transients, suggesting that hTPC2 was functionally active. Using nuclear membrane electrophysiology, we detected a ~220 pS single-channel current activated by NAADP with K+ as the permeant ion. The detected single-channel recordings displayed a linear current-voltage relationship, were sensitive to Ned-19 inhibition, were biphasically regulated by NAADP concentration and regulated by PKA phosphorylation. In summary, we developed a cell model for the characterization of the TPC2 channel and the nuclear membrane patch-clamp technique provided an alternative approach to rigorously investigate the electrophysiological properties of TPC2 with minimal manipulation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20282
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

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