Cellular localization of GluR1, GluR2/3 and GluR4 glutamate receptor subunits in neurons of the rat neostriatum

K. H.H. Kwok, Y. C. Tse, Ricky N S WONG, Kin Lam YUNG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glutamate excitocytotoxicity is implied in the cause of neuronal degeneration in the neostriatum, in which the toxicity may be mediated by different families of glutamate receptors. The precise cellular localization of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionate (AMPA)-type glutamate receptor subunits (GluR1-4), one of the major family that involves in the mechanisms of glutamate excitocytotoxicity, in different populations of striatal neurons is therefore of special interest. Immunoreactivity for GluR2/3 subunits was detected in the medium-sized spiny neurons. By double labelling experiments, immunoreactivity for GluR1 and GluR4 was detected only in aspiny striatal neurons that display parvalbumin immunoreactivity, but not in the other neuron populations that display choline acetyltransferase or muscarinic m2 receptor immunoreactivity, nor neurons that display nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase activity. These results indicate that GluR1 and GluR4 immunoreactivity is displayed only in the GABAergic interneurons in the neostriatum. In addition, almost all of the GluR1-immunoreactive neurons were found to display GluR4 immunoreactivity. This finding indicates for the first time that the striatal GABAergic interneurons co-express GluR1 and GluR4 subunits. The results of the present study indicate that there is a differential localization of AMPA-type glutamate receptor subunits in different populations of striatal neurons and they may have a different susceptibility to glutamate excitocytotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-55
Number of pages13
JournalBrain Research
Volume778
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 1997

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

User-Defined Keywords

  • AMPA-type glutamate receptor
  • Basal ganglia
  • Double immunocytochemistry
  • Immunofluorescence
  • Light microscopy
  • Striatal GABAergic interneuron

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